According to the Pew Research Hispanic Trends Project, 800,000 U.S. born Hispanics are entering adulthood annually. This number is projected to increase to one million in the upcoming decades. Why is this occurring, and what is the explanation? There has been a slowdown in Hispanic immigration and a rise in Latino births; in other words, there are just as many people leaving the United States as there are coming from outside countries, like Mexico.
To be more specific, from 2000 to 2010, there were 9.6 million Hispanic births in the U.S., whereas there were 6.5 million Hispanic immigrants who arrived to the nation. It is evident that immigration is no longer the answer to a dramatic increase in the number of Latinos in the U.S., although about two decades ago, it was the driver of Latino population growth. Representing 17 percent of the total U.S. population, Latinos are the largest minority group. By 2060, the population’s numbers are forecasted to grow to 129 million, making up 31 percent of the population.
Other findings from the project came from the analysis of the 2012 American Community Survey. The project reported that while California and Texas continue to have the largest number of Hispanics, other states have had rapidly growing Latino populations from 2000 to 2012. These following states are: Tennessee (163 percent); South Carolina (161 percent); Alabama (157 percent); Kentucky (135 percent) and South Dakota (132 percent). And, 70 percent of immigrant children between the ages of 5 and 17 only speak English or speak it well; in the case of immigrant adults, the percentage is only a third.
Digging further, the project extended into findings about the marital status, household size, and even health of Latinos. In comparison to Latinos in 2000 with 27 percent reporting that that have married, today, 37 percent of Latinos 18 and older have reported to never marrying, making households with more than 5 people drop from 31 percent in 2000 to 26 percent in 2012. Also, 48 percent of native-born Latino households are owner-occupied, whereas it is 44 percent for immigrant Latino households. Additionally, in 2012, 29 percent of Latinos did not have insurance coverage. Nonetheless, there is much variation: 18 percent of native-born Latinos lacked insurance, leaving 49 percent of foreign-born Latinos without insurance and 61 percent of non-citizen immigrant Hispanics missing coverage.
Clarissa Garcia is a Staff Writer for Latino Giant. She is a college freshman currently Undecided at American University, but leaning to the Education field, looking into Secondary Education.
Source: NBC News